R first appeared in the 1990s in New Zealand, as an implementation of the S statistical programming language. R was written by statisticians, with statistics and data in mind. It is a perfect choice for data analysis, statistical modeling, simulationandgraphics. Even though these are key distinguishing features of R, the language provides some other powerful features we will mention below.
Anyone (including you) can contribute packages to the community to improve its functionality. The number of R packages contributed to the community is increasing at a rapid rate. Chances are, if there’s an analysis you need to do, you will find R packages to do it.
R has advanced graphics capabilities (to see examples go here andhere). You can create beautiful graphics using R packages. In general, people like to digest and understand statistics visually, and R provides great tools for achieving exactly this.
Support large datasets
Many tools have restrictions on how large your dataset can be. Processing large datasets, even when it does not technically exceed the maximum size of the tool you're using, can be a rather slow process (especially after you add tabs, formulas, and references). R supports larger dataset and supports big data.
R has features that make it much easier to reproduce the findings of your analysis, which is important for detecting errors.
It’s easy to add comments to your scripts to make clear what you’re doing.
Data and analysis are separated in R, allowing you to see the logical progression for data analysis in the R code.
You can use version control to track (and revert) changes you make over time and to share your scripts with others to collaborate on projects as a community.
R scripting language provides an easy way to automate processes. It can save you loads of time, especially when you plan to re-run the same analysis multiple times (e.g., a project being conducted on a recurring basis).
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